Smart cities and value of time: An International Symposium
Travel time and activity time have been treated as separate notions, albeit with some assumed interdependencies. But, previous studies show that people accept noticeable higher travel time ratios when travelling by public transport compared with travelling by car. The cost of travel time is reduced as travel time is converted as activity time (towards the productive use). Furthermore, the impact of a high quality journey is an important issue in lifestyle and distribution of activities. The efficiency, safety and productivity of the journey can be expected to impact the value of time. And, the proportion of travel time saved, which can be used for other activities might have positive effects on the quality of life. In recent years some significant ICT-related innovations have been introduced to large shares of society, but research on the current relation between characteristics of ICT-use and its impact on mobility is limited. Development of smart cities and urban living labs is strongly affected by the ICT use and mobility patterns, as urban living labs co-create new products from collaboration between public, private and civic partnerships. At the same time, in certain self-constrained environments, activity duration has many effects in travel patterns for out-ofhome activities. Use of big data to model travel behaviour might bring important implications for individual mobility. Similarly, traffic safety and management of transport infrastructure are a main concern for government decisions in developing countries. This paper contains a summary of five keynote sessions of the Symposium Smart Cities and Value of Time, that took place in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in January 18 and 19 2018. This symposium aimed to contribute to the debate on planning transport system and urban development according to the needs and activities undertaken by citizens of the modern ‘on move’ society. This summary presents five key points of transport research oriented to smart cities and value of time, which can be mentioned as: user’s perspective (equity), data collection and infrastructure (traffic safety and network design). These topics are substantially important to estimate accurate travel demand models, and therefore design efficient transport measures.